Navigating the Linux File System: Installing Minecraft Servers in the Right Place
24th Sep 2022
Minecraft, the beloved sandbox game, offers players the opportunity to create and explore their virtual worlds. For those using Linux as their operating system, installing a Minecraft server requires a basic understanding of the Linux file system. Knowing where to place the server files is essential for a smooth installation and operation. In this article, we will guide you through the process of navigating the Linux file system and installing Minecraft servers in the right place.
Understanding the Linux File System Hierarchy:
Linux follows a hierarchical file system structure, where files and directories are organized in a tree-like format. The root directory ("/") is the top-level directory, and all other directories stem from it. Each directory serves a specific purpose and contains files related to that purpose.
Finding the Appropriate Directory for Minecraft Servers:
When installing a Minecraft server on Linux, it's crucial to place the server files in the appropriate directory to ensure proper functionality. The recommended location for Minecraft server files is typically in the "/opt" directory, which is commonly used for installing optional or third-party software. Placing Minecraft server files in this directory helps keep the system organized and separate from the core operating system files.
Steps to Install Minecraft Servers in the Right Place:
Open a Terminal:
To navigate the Linux file system and install Minecraft servers, you'll need to use the Terminal, also known as the command line interface. Launch the Terminal application on your Linux system.
Gain Root or Superuser Access:
To perform administrative tasks and access system directories, you may need root or superuser privileges. Use the "su" command or the "sudo" command to gain root access. You will be prompted to enter your password to authenticate.
Create the Minecraft Directory:
Navigate to the "/opt" directory by entering the following command in the Terminal:
Create a new directory named "minecraft" by running the command:
sudo mkdir minecraft
Change Ownership and Permissions:
sudo chown -R <username> minecraft
Replace "<username>" with your Linux username.
Set the appropriate permissions for the "minecraft" directory using the following command:
sudo chmod -R 755 minecraft
Download and Install Minecraft Server Files:
Move the downloaded server files to the "/opt/minecraft" directory using the "mv" command. For example, if the server files are in your Downloads folder, use the following command:
sudo mv ~/Downloads/server-file.jar /opt/minecraft
Start the Minecraft Server:
Launch the Minecraft server by executing the server file. For example, if the server file is named "server-file.jar," run the command:
java -jar server-file.jar
This will start the Minecraft server, and you can follow the on-screen prompts to configure and customize your server settings.